Roger HARDAKER

Male Yes, date unknown - 1667


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  • Name Roger HARDAKER 
    Born Yes, date unknown 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1667  Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 18 Apr 1667  Guiseley Church, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • Rodger Hardaker of Rawdon
    Person ID I4  Hardaker One-name Study
    Last Modified 17 Sep 2017 

    Family 1 Ann WALKER,   b. Yes, date unknown,   d. Abt 1636, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 11 May 1631  Leeds St Peter, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Essabell HARDAKER,   b. 1632, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Un-named HARDAKER,   d. Mar 1632, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. John HARDAKER,   b. 1634, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. An HARDAKER,   b. 1636, Horsforth, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 14 May 2016 
    Family ID F2  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Alice MARSHALL,   bur. 27 Nov 1678, Otley Church, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 22 Nov 1636  Guiseley Church, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Children 
     1. John HARDAKER,   b. 1638, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1692, Tong, Birstall, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     2. Mercy (Mary) HARDAKER,   b. 1641, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Henry HARDAKER,   b. Abt 1643, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Rodger HARDAKER,   b. 1645, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Oct 1725, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     5. Richard HARDAKER,   b. Abt 1646, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1708, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     6. Dorithe HARDAKER,   b. 1647-1648, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 4 Jan 1649, Guiseley Church, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 1 years)
    +7. Joshuay HARDAKER,   b. 1651, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1712  (Age 61 years)
     8. Grace HARDAKER,   b. 1652, Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1726, Otley, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
    Last Modified 12 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F3  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 11 May 1631 - Leeds St Peter, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 22 Nov 1636 - Guiseley Church, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1667 - Rawdon, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 18 Apr 1667 - Guiseley Church, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Marriage of Roger Hardaker and Ann Walker 1631
    Marriage of Roger Hardaker and Ann Walker 1631
    The Indictment of Roger and Alice - 1656
    The Indictment of Roger and Alice - 1656
    From: Quarter Session Records, Yorkshire, England, 1637-1914.

    We think it says:

    Transfer - And that Roger Hardaker late of Rawden in the county of York clothier and Alice wife of the said Roger on the twentieth day of August in the year of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and fifty six with force and duress exeunt [?] Rawden aforesaid in the west riding of the said county.

    The possible 'exeunt' is the hardest word to read. If we have it right, it is Latin for 'they leave', here perhaps 'they leave for'. [From Google: Latin exeunt (“they leave”), the third-person plural present active indicative of exeō (“leave”). The actual word looks like 'xeult' to me, which might be a misspelling of exeult??] If I am right, the Court seems to be saying that Roger and Alice who used to live in Rawdon are are forced to leave 'somewhere' at risk of something nasty happening (duress). It cannot be Rawdon that they are obliged to leave as evidently they were no longer there, being 'late of Rawdon'. I conclude that they are being sent back (transferred) to Rawdon. But that is speculative and a Latin scholar might be able to confirm or contradict this interpretation.

    Note that, if this is the right interpretation, it worked, for in his will of 1667 Roger describes himself as 'of Rawdon'.

    The question arises of where they were if they were not in Rawdon. There is not much to support it but I wonder if they could have been at Tong, where some of the family turned up some years later.

    In any event, it was not at all unusual for people who had left their home parish to be sent back. The reason was that, under the Poor Laws of the time, the parish was responsible for poor relief (social welfare, insofar as such a concept existed). So if you were 'not of this parish' and looked as if you might be in want of 'support' owing to lack of income or illness, disability, old age or infirmity, you would be quite likely to be sent back home.
    Map of the Guiseley parish area, mid-late 1700s
    Map of the Guiseley parish area, mid-late 1700s

    Histories
    Research on The Hardakers at Rawdon and Surrounding Areas: The Early Generations
    Research on The Hardakers at Rawdon and Surrounding Areas: The Early Generations
    The first Hardakers apparently arrived at Rawdon early in the seventeenth century. It seems likely that the family originated in Ribblesdale, in and around the Forest of Bowland. The surname was probably originally a place-name. There are a couple of hamlets at Newby, near Clapham, in the shadow of Ingleborough Hill and in upper Ribblesdale, which are now called Upper and Lower Hardacre. These might well be what remain of the place concerned.

  • Notes 
    • P List has a son Richard b 4 Jul 1633, but queried.
      The only candidate for Roger's birth I can find is son of Stephen at Long Preston christened 7 November 1591. He is possible but unlikely. He was born a bit too early for a man who first married in 1631. Moreover, the failure to name any son Stephen does not support the notion that this was the right birth.

  • Sources 
    1. [S512] Preston & Rowe, W.E. Preston & J.H. Rowe, (Bradford, 1913) (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S479] WYAS via Ancestry.com (Reliability: 2).
      West Yorkshire Archive Service; Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; Yorkshire Parish Records; New Reference Number: RDP29/1/4
      Incorrectly transcribed as Badger Hardaker, buried 10 Apr 1667

    3. [S56] IGI A458227, Films 455352 & 458227, Lumb. Register says Roger of Rawdon.

    4. [S57] IGI A455348, film 455352, ECH's trans, P & R..